Weeping Pittosporum Weeping Pittosporum (KS)

This page lists some of the best indigenous plants of northern Victoria and southern NSW for gardens, dryland plantations and plantations alongside irrigated pastures. There is also a list of ten indigenous plants which are good substitutes for plants from outside the region which may be regarded as 'weeds'.

A more detailed list of plants indigenous to northern Victoria and southern NSW is on the indigenous plants page.

Some plants of the Greater Bendigo National Park which are suitable for cultivation are outlined on the Whipstick plants page.

One reason is that indigenous plants have evolved in the area and, once established, most can cope with hot summers and dry periods. Many are ideal for home gardens; many are ideal for planting on farms.

Planting indigenous plants helps provide habitat and food for native animals, including birds. Tens of thousands of indigenous trees and shrubs have been planted in the Picola area, and elsewhere, to help provide habitat and food for the endangered Superb Parrot.

Over the past few decades, tens of thousands of indigenous shrubs and trees have been planted along roadsides and on farmland, sometimes for aesthetic reasons, sometimes to add value to property, sometimes to help combat a salinity problem and sometimes to help create a wildlife corridor begtween bushland areas.

When native vegetation is removed on farms or for road projects, authorities usually insist that there be an offset planting elsewhere.

The region covered by this site has experienced many years of drought. Many shrubs and trees have died but indigenous plants have coped much better than most of the introduced species.







An indigenous plant is a native plant but a native plant is not necessarily indigenous to a particular area. When some natives have been introduced to other parts of Australia they have become weeds. For instance, Cootamundra Wattle is not a problem around Cootamundra but in this region it is regarded as a weed. Similarly the Blue Bell creeper, Sollya heterophylla, from south-western Western Australia is regarded as a weed in the eastern States of Australia and is, in places, almost impossible to contain.

Fortunately, there are several indigenous plant nurseries in the region. One of the biggest and best as far as the home gardener is concerned is Goldfields Revegetation Nursery in Mandurang, a suburb of Bendigo. McKindlay's Nursery north-west of Moama specialises in farm trees. Another nursery west of Echuca, Ko-warra Transplants, specialises in native grasses, including some which may be suitable for lawns.

With severe water restrictions, many residents of the region are turning to plants which require less water and which can survive dry periods. Once established, many indigenous plants perform well and it is the intention of these pages to help promote indigenous plants suitable for garden cultivation.

A number of excellent books have been produced about indigenous plants. Some of these are reviewed in the books section. The City of Greater bendigo and Bendigo Plant Group have produced a particularly good handbook about Bendigo's indigenous plants suitable for garden cultivation.

A mistake that many people make is planting trees and shrubs which become too large for the garden in which they are planted. Some are planted far too close to boundary fences and a lot of money may have to be spent pruning or removing them. Some people plant shrubs and trees far too close together.

With plantations, it is best not to plant shrubs and trees an equal distance apart in some sort of order. Because vehicles may be involved in ground preparation and maintenance, it is sometimes necessary to plant trees and shrubs in rows. But it is best to mix suitable species up and not be frightened to plant clumps of one species.

Care must be taken to plant sand-loving plants on sandy soil, clay-loving plants in clay areas and so on. Soil type, elevation and aspect must all be taken into consideration.

River Red Gum demands occasional flooding, Black Box can withstand a short, occasional flood, but some other trees do not like flooding at all.











The following is a quote by Tim Flannery:

'Nothing seems to rouse the passions of some Australians so much as disparaging roses, lawns, plane trees and the like. Yet I really do think that they are a blot on the landscape. I used to joke that I'd shout beer all round at my local pub the day someone brought me a plane tree leaf that an insect had actually taken a bite out of. The fact is, that as far as Australian wildlife goes, plane trees are so useless that they might as well be made of concrete. Australia is home to 25,000 species of plants, as opposed to Europe's 6,000 or 7,000. Surely amongst that lot we can find suitable species that will provide shade, and food for butterflies and native birds as well. To be honest, there is another reason I dislike many introduced plants. If gardens are a kind of window on the mind, I see in our public spaces a passion for the European environment that indicates that we are still, at heart, uncomfortable in our own land. If we can see no beauty in Australian natives, but instead need to be cosseted in pockets of European greenery, can we really count ourselves as having a truly sustainable, future adapted to Australian conditions?' ~ Tim Flannery, scientist, conservationist and author.

Growing native helps keep our environment in balance. Roger Oxley gives the example of boxthorn. 'The white flowers of native blackthorn (Bursaria) attract certain parasitic wasps in late summer. These wasps lay their eggs in, and subsequently kill, the grubs of Christmas beetles that can cause terrible damage, and even death, to our gum trees This rather ordinary, straggly shrub also plays a vital role in the survival of Australia's rarest butterfly, the Bathurst copper butterfly, which relies on a small black ant for care for its caterpillars. The ant, in turn, depends on the boxthorn. Some birds use the boxthorn for protection from predators.

To grow local native plants successfully, fertilisers need NOT be added to the soil. Mulching with leaves and red gum chips will help deter weed growth. An occasional good watering is advisable in dry weather.

Tim Barden of Ko-warra transplants is propagating a variety of Weeping Grass (Microlaena stipioides) which has great potential for lawns, requiring only about half as much water as conventional lawns. He is also propagating an even hardier native grass, Redgrass (Bothriochloa macra).




Related pages on this site

Bushland Reserves of northern Victoria and southern Riverina NSW

other linksBarmah-Millewa Forest

other linksBirding Guide to Cohuna area and Gunbower Island

other linksTerrick Terrick National Park

Indigenous plants

Photo Gallery of the birds of northern Victoria and southern Riverina NSW

Site map (index)



External links

Australian National Botanic Gardens

Australian Native Plants Society
Includes links to regional and State groups of the Society

Australian Native Plants Society's Photo Gallery

Goldfields Revegetation, Bendigo (Mandurang)

Growing Australian Native Plants: Propagation and Cultivation

Indigenous Plants of Bendigo
Several pdf files can be downloaded from this local government site

Ko-warra Native Grass Nursery, Echuca

Native Plant Holdings
Operators of Mildura Native Nursery

Neangar Native Nursery, Eaglehawk
Revegetation and Forestry Plants

On-line Herbarium

Royal Botanic Gardens Cranbourne
Includes a section on 'The Australian Garden'

Suntuff Native Plants, Bullengarook
Site includes a photo gallery


Indigenous Plant retail nurseries
Most plants listed above are available for sale at the following nurseries. The nursery staff may be able to help you choose suitable plants for your particular soil, garden width and so on.


Garden Plant Nurseries

Goldfields Revegetation, Tannery Lane MANDURANG 5439 5384 (open 7 days),

Neangar Nursery
McClelland Drive, EAGLEHAWK 
Ph. (03) 5446 9260
Mobile: 0419 712 701

Rochester Native Nursery 6708 Northern Highway ROCHESTER
(03) 5484 3777

Billabong Gardens Complex
Wanganui Road SHEPPARTON
Phone (03) 5821 8632

Suntuff Native Plant,
1220 Bacchus Marsh Road BULLENGAROOK
limited range of indigenous plants; open by appointment (03)5428 9369

Farm Plant Nurseries

K and B Haw
Venns Creek Nursery
Yando Road BOORT

McKindlays Riverine Nursery
2220 Perricoota Road MOAMA
Phone (03) 5483 6240

Agri-Tree Nursery
Phone (03) 5768 2397

Australian Native Farm Forestry
Cnr Chapel and Fields Roads COBRAM
Phone 5873 5444

Billabong Gardens Complex
Wanganui Road SHEPPARTON
Phone (03) 5821 8632

Goulburn Valley Tree Group
Phone (03) 5824 2304

Goldfields Revegetation
Phone (03) 5439 5384

Kowarra Native Grasses
(Native grasses plus indigenous trees and shrubs)
Echuca-Mitiamo Road ECHUCA Phone (03) 5480 9778

Rochester Native Nursery
6708 Northern Highway ROCHESTER
Phone (03) 5484 3777

Other farm plant nurseries
(pdf file on Greening Australia site)




Indigenous plants

of northern Victoria and the southern Riverina

ArboretumAn arboretum of indigenous plants at an entrance to Gulpa Island by Keith Stockwell

Some of the best indigenous plants for gardens and plantations

By planting plants of our own region we are providing a habitat for native birds and insects, and maintaining something of the character of the region. This is particularly important on farmland and near bushland. By 'planting local' we are also helping maintain the balance of nature. Local plants are usually resistant to local insect pests and may therefore be easier to grow. Furthermore, local plants cannot become garden escapes, environmental weeds, which may be costly to remove from riversides and bushland. Some introduced plants, even some from other parts of Australia, can become environmental weeds or may demand precious water and fertilisers. Growing indigenous plants helps conserve biological diversity. Most urban gardens consist almost entirely of non-local plants: continue to grow attractive introduced and non-local plants by all means, but consider changing the blend to include at least some plants of your local area.

No two native plant enthusiasts are likely to agree on the ten best for garden cultivation in our region. But let's give it a whirl.

Click here for the top 10 plants for farm and roadside plantations

The top ten garden plants

1. Gold Dust Wattle (Acacia acinacea)
Acacia acinacea
Gold Dust Wattle (Acacia acinacea) in the author's Echuca-Moama garden (K Stockwell)

Gold Dust Wattle usually grows to about 2 metres in height and width although a prostrate form from Wychitella is available from Goldfields Revegetation Nursery in Mandurang. It grows in bushland throughout the region covered by this site. Frequent light (stem tip) pruning is recommended. Water occasionally during dry spells. Despite common belief, wattles do not cause or aggravate hay fever (introduced grasses, house mites, cats and horse hair are more likely culprits). As shown in the photo, native grasses, Everlastings and other small plants can be grown around and in front of this plant. Hop Bushes and Eremophilas can provide contrast.

2. Emu Bushes

Eremophila sp.
Eremophila longifolia

EMU BUSHES or Eremophilas (Eremophila means 'desert loving') are one of Australia's most common inland shrubs but, possibly because they dislike the climate of Melbourne and Sydney , aren't as widely grown in local gardens as they deserve to be. Eremophilas come in many forms. The flowers range in colour from mauve to scarlet to yellow. Different species have different coloured and different shaped leaves. Several decades ago, a farmer near Piangil had an arboretum of Eremophilas. A nursery at Pooncarie 'near' Broken Hill propagates lots of different ones. Several Eremophila species are often on sale at local farmers' markets.

Eremophila longifolia is indigenous to northern Victoria and southern Riverina. It grows up to two metres and about a metre wide.

Eremophila nivea is not a local native so it is disqualified. But it grows really well in local gardens; it has silver leaves and mauve-red flowers. A ground-cover with green leaves and yellow or red flowers.

Eremophila maculata is one of the most popular Eremophilas and mentioned here because it is available in most nurseries. One form has bright scarlet flowers for much of the year.

Although hardy once established, Eremophilas need to be watered a few times soon after they have been planted out.


3. Hop Bush (Dodonaea viscosa)

Dodonaea viscosaHop Bush is an interesting plant insofar as the foliage may appear to turn red or brown during the spring, adding contrast to your garden. There are several forms available from local native plant nurseries; subspecies spatulata is the variety found in local bushland.

Hop Bush grows about two metres high and a metre wide. Very hardy when established but water occasionally during dry spells. Self-seedling.

Having said that, this shrub is common in many inland areas. It is not at all popular with graziers who regard it as a weed because it is not palatable to stock and because it may take over grassland.



4. Cat's Claw Spider flower (Grevillea alpina)

Grevillea alpinaDuring the prolonged drought which has afflicted the region, many Grevillea plants in home gardens have died. There are, however, a few species which are quite hardy and which are worth considering.

In Australia, there are more species (about 500) of Grevillea than any other apart from Eucalypts and Acacias. However, when cultivars and hybrids are taken into account, Grevillea comes first with over 1,000 types. Over 300 of the 500 species are native to the south-[west corner of Western Australia. Most of the other species are found in sandy or stony soils. Grevilleas dislike riverine plains and no species of Grevillea grows naturally within 50km of Echuca-Moama. However, some species grow on the edge of the region this site covers.

Left: Cat's Claw Grevillea in Kamarooka Forest (David Ong)

First described by Major Mitchell who observed it growing near the top of Mt. William in the Grampians (hence the misnomer alpina which means alpine), Grevillea alpina, grows in The Whipstick, near Tooborac, in the Warby Range and elsewhere in the wider regio; it is one of the hardier Grevilleas. But it likes watering well during dry spells.

The spider-like flowers of this Grevillea vary in colour, from region to region, from orange through to scarlet. It usually grows a metre or so height but older plants in the Warby Range are over two metres in height. Although suitable for a large container, it is best grown in a garden bed.


5. Desert Cassia (Senna artemisioides)

Desert Cassia ~ resembles wattle from a distance

Desert Cassia (Punty Bush) (Senna artemisioides ssp. zygophylla; formerly called Cassia eremophylla) may be mistaken for a wattle because yellow flowers cover it in Spring. But the flowers are larger and of a different shape. Seed pods cover the plant after flowering. A hardy, compact shrub, it grows to a metre or so in height and width. It can be lightly pruned. Water young plants a few times at increasing intervals. Very hardy once established.This is a reasonably common plant along the sides of the Murray Valley Highway north-west of Echuca.


6. Weeping Pittosporum (Pittosporum angustifolium)
Weeping Pittosporum
Weeping Pittosporum (K Stockwell)


Weeping Pittosporum (Pittosporum angustifolium; formerly called Pittosporum phyllarioides) Pittosporum
Most people are familiar with Pittosporum undulatum or Mock Orange. it is regarded as a weed in local bushland. P. undulatum is not indigenous to our region but comes from bushland along Australia's east coast.

The local Pittosporum, which is found over a wide area of inland Australia and which even grows in depressions on the Nullarbor Plain, is a much more attractive tree, thinner, with drooping branches. Weeping Pittosporum grows over two metres high. Initially, it is not very wide but suckers may grow, giving it more width. It can be grown alongside, but a few metres away from, a boundary fence.

This small tree can be found in many of the bushland areas of northern Victoria and the southern Riverina as well as in the Mallee national parks and even in 'dongas' (depressions) on the Nullarbor Plain ~ it's very hardy.

Above right: seed pods of Weeping Pittosporum


7. Whirrakee Wattle (Acacia williamsonii)

You can help conserve an plant which only grows in a limited part of our region.
Whittakee Wattle

Found only in the forests near Bendigo, Whirrakee Wattle grows over two metres in height and width. It is attractive when in blossom. It tolerates gravelly and clay soils. The photo to the left was taken in Kamarooka Forest, the northern section of Greater Bendigo National Park. It probably grows better in the home garden where it benefits from better soil and watering than it does in the bush.

In cultivation, it can become a dense shrub.

Some regard Whirrakee Wattle as on of the best wattles for horticulture.


Above: Whirrakee Wattle (D Ong)


8. Bushy Needlewood (Hakea decurrens)

If you want to deter people from cutting a corner, this is the plant for you. Hakea decurrens, previously regarded as a form of Hakea sericea has needle-like leaves. It grows to about two metres in height and width. It bears small, cream, perfumed flowers.

A clump of this species will provide protection for small birds.


9. Common Fringe Myrtle (Calytrix tetragona)

Calhytrix tetragona
Calytrix tetragona

Common Calytrix grows over much of south-eastern Australia. It can be seen growing on the sandhills of Gulpa Island, in the forests around Bendigo, in the Warby Range and on sandhills in the mallee parks. It grows to about one and a half metres high and about a metre wide. Pink stars cover this fine-leaved plant in Spring. This plant prefers sandy loam rather than clay.

Many of the plants in the bush have died during the prolonged drought but seem to thrive in the home garden where they benefit from occasional watering. Suitable for small gardens.


10. Rough Mint Bush (Prostanthera denticulata)

Rough Mint Bush Prostanthera denticulata (1m by 1m) is a small shrub with mauve flowers over Spring. Unlike most Mint Bushes, this species tolerates dry periods well.This is a dainty shrub just a metre or so in height and width. It is very hardy. It grows to the south of the region, in the Whipstick.

Rough Mint Bush
Rough Mint Bush (D Ong)

Dash. Ten good plants have been listed and there are so many others that deserved to be included. The following could be used if any of the above are unsuitable for your needs, or unobtainable:

Scarlet Mint Bush (Prostanthera aspalathoides)
This low-growing bushy shrub has dark green, crowded leaves. The foliage is aromatic when crushed. Scarlet flowers appear over Spring and Summer. Pruning is recommended. Some of the Mint Bushes do not survive well in our climate, so beware of non-indigenous species.

Totem Poles (Violet Honey Myrtle) (Melaleuca wilsonii)
This shrub to about two metres has attractive mauve bottle-brush like flowers for a long period during Spring. It grows in the forests around Bendigo and appreciates an occasional good watering during extended dry periods.
I reckon many enthusiasts would have included Totem Poles in their top ten.It grows in the southern part of the region, e.g. in the Whipstick.

Hakea-like Wattle (Acacia hakeoides)

Acacia hakeoidesSome wattles are short-lived. No this one. Some plants in our region are over 50 years old.

This small tree, which resembles a Hakea, grows about three metres high and a few metres wide. Unless lightly pruned from time to time, it may get leggy/woody.

Don't plant it where the leaves can fall into spouting. Most impressive when in flower.

Right: Acacia hakeoides


Ten indigenous plant replacements for weed species

Some garden plants, both introduced and native, are regarded as weeds. Unfortunatelly, some allow these weeds to grow in their garden or plantation. The list which follows is of ten weed species and ten indigenous plants which are somewhat similar in appearance and which may be used as replacements.

Weed (non-local plants) Indigenous replacement

Agapanthus Agapanthus orientalis

Dwarf Flax Lilly Dianella revolta

Bridal Creeper Vine Asparagus asparagoides

Small-leaf Clematis Clematis microphylla

Boxthorn Lycium ferocissimum

Australian Box Thorn Lycium australe

Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna

Sweet Bursaria Bursaria spinosa

Cootamundra Wattle Acacia baileyana

Hickory Wattle Acacia implexa

Cotoneaster Cotoneaster divaricata

Hop Bush Dodonaea viscosa ssp cuneata

Desert Ash Fraximus rotundifolia

Red Box Eucalyptus polyanthemos

Peppercorn Schinus molle

Grey Box Eucalyptus microcarpa

Sweet Pittosporum Pittosporum undulatum

Weeping Pittosporum Pittoporum angustifolium

Willow Salix species

Boree Acacia pendula

There are lots of other good native plants from the region. There are two other pages about them. There is a page just on Whipstick Plants and a page on indigenous plants of northern Victoria and the southern Riverina.


Garden landscaping

When growing indigenous plants in a garden, don't assume that indigenous plants require neither maintenance nor watering during dry times. They do.

When designing a native garden, don't fall into the trap of planting too many trees and large shrubs, especially near fences and the house! Big trees on town blocks may mean costly tree-removalists may have to be employed one day. Leave room, especially near the front of a garden, for the small, hardy, colourful ones.

Native grasses can add interest to your garden but introduced weeds will need to be weeded or kept at bay with mulch, e.g. sawdust or red gum chips.

Using pavers and red gum chips can create a professional effect as the following picture I took the photo in a public garden in a Brisbane suburb. Each 'front garden' along a street in the gardens had a different type of garden, one had a cottage garden of native plants, one was a European-style garden using natives,another was a rainforest garden and so on. All the gardens had paving, retaining walls and so on.

native garden design
Example of a native garden (K Stockwell)

These references may help you design a native garden, but consider substituting local area (indigenous) plants for those listed in these books:

Paul; Urquhart and Leigh Clapp, The new native garden: designing with Australian plants (Landsdowne 1999; reprinted by New Holland 2002)

Diana Snape, The Australian garden: designing with Australian plants (Bloomings Books 2002)


The top ten indigenous plants for dryland farm and road plantations

Please seek advice from a specialist indigenous plant nursery and/or from the Department of Primary industry and/or publications before deciding which plants to include in a plantation. Soil type must be taken into account. Ideally, the plants should be grown from seed collected locally. This list is indicative only.


Grey Box Eucalyptus microcarpa. This is a large dominant tree so space individual specimens well apart. Best on red/brown earths.

Hop Bush Dodonaea viscosa ssp cuneata. This is a small shrub which grows amongst other plants. Not palatable to stock.

Gold-dust Wattle Acacia acinacea. Helps fix nitrogen for the eucalypts. Colourful display in spring.

Cooba Acacia salicina. A broad-crowned tree with dark, green drooping foliage. Will sucker if stock are excluded (if is palatable to stock).

Boree Acacia pendula. This is an ornamental tree with grey leaves drooping to the ground (if protected from stock). Grows well amidst Grey Box and helps the Box by fixing nitrogen from the air.

Western Black Wattle Acacia hakeoides. This small tree is very hardy and attractive when in bloom.

Old Man Saltbush Atriplex nummularia. A spreading shrub to three metres, the blue-grey leaves of which add colour and character to a plantation. The leaves are edible. Old Man Saltbush is regarded as a fire-retardant plant.

Weeping Pittosporum (aka Butterbush) Pittosporum angustifolium. A small tree to six metres with drooping foliage ideal for under-planting in windbreaks. Will sucker if protected from stock.

Bull Oak Allocasuarina luehmannii. This is a medium to large tree which is effective if planted in a clump. Will sucker if protected from grazing stock.

Desert Cassia Senna artemissiodes. This small shrub resembles a wattle when in flower but, at close range, the yellow flowers are obviously different. brown pods form after flowering. Once a few plants are established, it is self-seeding.

Adding a few other species to the mix and which are suitable for the soil and your needs is a good idea. Seek advice from your preferred nursery and/or from the Department of Primary Industry.



White Cypress Pine Callitris glaucophylla. This is a tall tree prone to falling during strong winds, so plant away from buildings. On sandhills near the Murray River, plant the Murray Pine subspecies C glaucophylla murrayensis.

Yellow Box Eucalyptus melliodora. A large spreading tree which prefers lighter soil types.

Needlewood Hakea leucoptera (5m). Suckers may form thickets. This plant has needle-like leaves.

Hooked Needlewood Hakea tephrosperma (5m). This shrub is very similar in appearance to Hakea leucoptera.

Weeping Pittosporum (aka Butterbush) Pittosporum angustifolium. A small tree to six metres with drooping foliage ideal for under-planting in windbreaks. Will sucker if protected from stock.

Wilga Geijera parvifolia. This is a medium-sized tree with dense foliage which is good as a windbreak. It is not common in the region. It will grow on a variety of soils but prefers a sandy loam.

Emu Bush Eremophila longifolia (about 4m). This tall shrub has red spotted flowers and is useful as a windbreak. It is palatable to stock and attracts bush birds. Emus spread the seed and provide fertiliser for seedlings through their droppings.

Sugarwood Myoporum platycarpum (9m). This smallish tree has drooping leaves and spreads by suckering if it is protected from stock and kangaroos.

Grey Mulga Acacia brachybotrya (3 metres). This wattle is a dense, spreading shrub withy greyish leaves. It regenerates readily at times if protected from stock and kangaroos.

Hop Bush Dodonaea viscosa ssp cuneata. This is a small shrub which grows amongst other plants. The 'hops' turn shades of brown. Not palatable to stock.

Adding a few other suitable species to the mix is a good idea. Seek the advice of a specialist nursery and/or from the Department of Primary Industry.


MOISTER SOILS (e.g. alongside irrigated pasture, in depressions and water courses)

Black Box Eucalyptus largiflorens (tree to 20m). A good shade and shelter tree for heavier soils. Can withstand occasional flooding.

River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis (large tree). Requires flooding over several days or weeks once every year or so. Common alongside local rivers and water courses.

Silver Wattle Acacia dealbata Goes together well with River Red Gum.

River Cooba Acacia stenophylla. This is tree grows to eight metres and has long drooping leaves. It will withstand periodic flooding an moderate salinity.

Cooba (aka Native Willow) Acacia salicina (15m).

Moonah Melaleuca lanceoloata. Good for shelter belts and saline areas. Suitable for most, if not all, soil types.

Yarran Acacia homalophylla. This is an upright-growing tree to seven metres which will form clumps from suckers if protected from stock.

Dwarf Native Cherry Exocarpus stricta. This shrub is a semi-parasitic on the roots of River Red Gum and some other plants. It is next to impossible to cultivate and so it is probably necessary to rely on natural regeneration. It is common growing with River Red Gum along local rivers.

River Bottle Brush Callistemon sieberi This plant is now rare but grows well if protected from stock.

Hickory Wattle (aka Lightwood) Acacia implexa. This is a small tree but its height varies from a few metres to 15 metres. It is drought tolerant and long-lived.


When planning a plantation, it is terrific if it can link to areas of established bush, especially if it will provide a wildlife corridor by linking two or more bush areas together.

It may be a good idea to fence around some existing indigenous trees and allowing natural regeneration to occur. Supplementary plantings can be of shrubs that do not regenerate naturally within the fenced area.

If the planting is to be alongside a boundary line or roadside, it is best if the plantation can be several rows wide.

If a plantation is to be longer than it is wide, it may be appropriate if the longer section is at ninety degrees to the direction of the prevailing wind, i.e. if the plantation runs roughly roughly north-south, thereby providing shade and wind protection on the eastern side.

Noisy Miners like to inhabit the corners and edges of bushland from where they chase other bush birds. Therefore, a large oval-shaped plantation is preferable to a long, skinny one.

The trees and shrubs selected for different areas of a property or plantation should, in some cases, be different to take into account differences in soil type and drainage.

Consideration might be given to the inclusion of species which have value for their timber.



The following references may be of use when planning a plantation:

Martin Driver and marianne Porteners The use of locally-native trees and shrubs in the southern Riverina (free publication distributed by Greening Australia through Landcare groups)

City of Greater Bendigo and Bendigo Native Plant Group, Indigenous Plants of Bendigo. Download as pdf files.

G W Cunningham et al, Plants of western NSW.

A plantation of indigenous vegetation to help address a salinity problem (K Stockwell)


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