Dam in Wychitella NCR by Keith Stockwell)

This is one of several pages about many of the national parks, nature conservation reserves and bushland areas of northern Victoria and the southern Riverina.

Originally, all of the parks listed were on one page, but the file became very large. To speed up loading time and reduce file size, this page now only covers reserves with names commencing A to J. There are separate pages for reserves with names starting K to O and from P to Z. There are also separate pages on some of the national parks and larger reserves.

The reserves are arranged in alphabetical order and there are links to separate pages on some of the larger parks.

There are lots of reserves and National Parks in northern Victoria and southern NSW. Many sites and references are limited to either NSW or Victoria, something which can be very frustrating when visiting this border area. An attempt has been made to cover all but the smaller reserves.

Click on one of the listed reserves or scroll down the alphabetical list.

Major bushland areas in the area include the Ramsar-listed Barmah-Millewa and Perricoota-Gunbower forests, Whipstick-Kamarooka Forest, Rushworth area forests, the Warby Range and Terrick Terrick National Park.

There are scores of small reserves not listed here. No attempt has been made to provide detailed information about the huge national parks which exist to the north-west of the region, in 'Mallee' country - Hattah Lakes, the Little Desert, Wyperfeld, Big Desert Wilderness, Annuello Fauna Reserve (which protects the endangered Lowan ~ Mallee Fowl).

This page has been updated to account for changes resulting from the Victorian Environment Conservation Council's investigation of box-ironbark forests and woodlands and VEACs River Red Gum Investigation. The recommendations of the Natural Resources Commission of NSW have been taken into account. New national parks have now been included

The assessment reports released by the Natural Resources Commission and VEAC as part of their River Red Gum investigations contain a wealth of information and are worth studying.

Additional and official information on many of these reserves can be obtained from the Parks Victoria web site. Maps of some of these reserves, including State Game Reserves, can be downloaded from the DSE and Parks Victoria web sites in pdf form.

Parks Victoria has produced a large folded sheet guide to Victoria's Box-Ironbark Parks and Reserves.

It has been difficult to obtain information about the small reserves in southern (Riverina) NSW and many may not be listed. A Forestry NSW map 'Central Murray Valley State Forests' is useful and available from some local Tourist Information Centres.

Some excellent two-sided, cross-border maps which cover most of the region have recently been produced by Hayman's maps: Barmah-Shepparton-Deniliquin Adventure Map and Cohuna-Echuca-Gunbower Forest Activities Map (one side of which covers the Werai Forest). These maps are on sale at some local Tourist Information Centres.

Bendigo Field Naturalist Club has prepared a number of publications on the region's plants and animals.

More information about Victoria's box-ironbark country is included in a book by Chris Tzaros, Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark forests

































































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Bushland Reserves
northern Victoria and the Southern Riverina

Black Rock
Black Rock, Greater Bendigo National Park by Keith Stockwell

The above table of contents does not cover all the reserves which are listed below in alphabetical order.

Parks with names starting 'A' to 'J'

This section outlines, in alphabetical order, most of the national parks, natural conservation reserves and other reserves in northern Victoria and the central Murray Valley of NSW.

Click on one of the parks listed in the contents box above or scroll down (not all bushland areas and wetlands covered are listed in the table of contents) for notes about parks with names commencing A through to J.

For reserves with a name commencing K to O inclusive, click here.

For reserves with a name commencing P through to Z click here.

There are separate pages, which can be accessed by clicking on the appropriate green button at the top of the page, for several bushland areas of the region, including Barmah-Millewa, Greater Bendigo National Park, Gunbower-Perricoota Forest, Heathcote-Graytown National Park, Kanyapella Basin, Lower Goulburn River National Park, Murray River reserves, Terrick Terrick National Park and Warby-Ovens National Park.

Each of the separate pages gives information about access, map, possible bushwalks, vegetation and camping sites.

Many of the state forests shown on NSW Forests 'Central Murray Valley Forests (Western Forestry Region)' map are listed ~ copies of this map are usually available at the Mathoura RTC (information centre). Well worth having, this 1:250,000 map also shows many of the northern Victorian forests and reserves.

Hayman's Maps has produced two very good 'forest activities maps' which cover much of the region.

CFA rural directories (maps) are also very useful although somewhat difficult to obtain. The VicRoads Country Street Directory shows many of the Victorian reserve. All VicRoads map references are for Edition 7.

As more and more reserves have been included, this file became too large for one page. So separate pages have been created for some areas and some reserves are together on a second page. This page covers reserves from A to O inclusive. The second page covers reserves with names starting with P through to Z.

Most of the bushland reserves in the area have been badly affected by over 15 years of drought.

Several new national parks and nature conservation reserves have been created as a result of the Victorian Environment Assessment Council (VEAC) and Natural Resources Commission of NSW investigations of River Red Gum Forests in northern Victoria and southern NSW.

linkFor details of Victoria's new Red Gum national parks and reserves, click here (DSE Red Gum page).

linkFor details of the new Red Gum wetland national/regional parks in southern NSW, click here (NSW Government page)

Notes on the above parks follow on this page.

Click here for parks with names commencing K to O.

Click here for parks with names commencing P through to Z.

In some of the listings below, topographic map names/numbers have been given; in some cases VicRoads map references are given. CFA regional map books are also useful map resources. Some indigenous grassland paddocks presently in the process of being purchased by DSE and several small reserves may not be included here.

Appin State Forest
~ a small box and River Red Gum forest south-west of Kerang between Wandella Creek and the Loddon River. VicRoads Map 20 F8

Ararat Regional Park
~ a 3,671ha reserve to the west of the region covered by this site. VicRoads Map 56 H5

Ayson Reserve
~ an area alongside the Campaspe River (east side) near Elmore in which camping is permitted. There are toilets. This is the formersite of Elmore Field Days. VicRoads Map 31 C9.

Avoca Plains/Bael Bael
Over the past few years, the Department of Sustainability and Environment (DSE) and Trust for Nature have secured several thousand hectares of grassland and woodland on the Avoca River plains west of Kerang. The Trust has recently purchased several grassland paddocks to the east of Sandhill Lake between Bael Bael and Budgerum East.

Located west of Kangaroo Lake and Lake Cullen near Lake Charm township and about 20km from Kerang, Lake Bael Bael is a large freshwater lake that fills from the Avoca River in times of flood. Part of the Koorangie NCR, Lake Bael Bael a Ramsar-listed wetland and is an important breeding and feeding ground for waterbirds. Camping is allowed on the north-west side of the lake. Access is via Charleston Road off the Lalbert-Kerang Road. VicRoads Map 20 D5

Bael BaelLake Lake Bael Bael (K Stockwell)

Lake Bael Bael was dry for about 15 years prior to heavy rains during 2010. Any overflow fills Bottom (First) Marsh, Second Marsh and then Top (Third) Marsh (see map below). Early in 2011, the lake overflowed into the marshes and onto surrounding land.

Bael Bael Map
Map showing the location of Lake Bael Bael and the Marshes
Source: modified extract of a map in DSE's Kerang Lakes Management Plan
The above map does not show land owned by Trust for Nature

A large area of indigenous grassland alongside Korrak Korrak Grassland recently purchased by Trust for Nature is called Wanderers Plain. This grassland property adjoins Bael Bael Grassland. The grassland area is in a very dry part of Victoria. Some inland birds rarely observed in Victoria have been sighted here in the warmer months, including Inland Dotterel.

The Victorian Government has purchased property between Wanderers Plain and Sandhill Lake which is expected to be added to the reserve system that already covers several thousand hectares of grassland and wetlands to the east of Kerang.

See also Korrak Korrak Grasslands and Koorangie Marshes.

Baillieu (Richardsons) Lagoon Wildlife Area
Also know as Richardsons Lagoon, Baillieu's Lagoon is a 120 hectare freshwater marsh located on the Murray River floodplain within a 248 hectare State Wildlife Reserve. Richardson's Lagoon, a cut-off meander, is located north of the Murray Valley Highway between Echuca and Torrumbarry. Access is via Baillieu Road which loops around the lagoon in a semi-circle. A pipe has been put in place to enable environmental water to be delivered to this wetland. North Central CMA aims to fill Richardson's Lagoon twice (and maintain water levbels for up to three years) every ten years. The lagoon will be allowed to dry out bwetween fills. The lagoon is surrounded by native bushland, most of which grows on sandhills. The sandhill vegetation is one of the five remaining areas of pre-European sandhill communities remaining in Victoria. A genetically isolated stand of Southern Sandalwood (endangered) grows on the sandhills. Birds observed in the reserve over recent years include Magpie Goose (uncommon in Victoria), Brolga, White-breasted Sea-eagle, Diamond Firetail, Grey-crowned Babbler, Bush Stone Curlew and Black-tailed Native Hen. Grazing and timber harvesting are no longer allowed.The reserve contains evidence of aboriginal occupation. The lagoon has been open to shooters during recent duck seasons despite the strong objections of surrounding landholders who are campaigning to update the area to a Nature Conservation Reserve. VicRoads Map 31 B2 north-east of the Murray Valley Highway. VicRoads Map 31 B2.

Baillieu (Richardsons) Lagoon, Torrumbarry (D Ong)

Balmattum NCR
~ a 220ha reserve dominated by Plains grassy-woodland located alongside Old Euroa Road west-south-west of Violet Town. This reserve helps protect habitat for a colony of the endangered Grey-crowned Babbler. Click here to download a pdf copy of the reserve's management plan.
VicRoads Map 47 B/C4

Bama Forest (NSW)
Now part of Murray Valley Regional Park, Bama Forest covers about 2,800ha on the NSW side of the Murray River, downstream of Barmah Town. It is an outlying part of the Barmah-Millewa Forest. Much of the forest consists of Box trees many of which have multiple stems from a stump because they have been logged in the past. An adjoining private property is used for 'paint ball games'.Some adjoining landholders have allowed some regeneration of bushland. Formerly part of an ancient lake, this is a natural flood-retarding basin. Barmah Forest Road passes through this forest which is best accessed from Old Barmah Road. Topographic map: Moama 7825-N 1:50,000. Do not confuse this forest with Victoria's BARMAH Forest.

Prior to 1st July 2010, this was a State Forest.

Banandra Forest
This 762 hectare State Forest is south-east of Darlington Point. Although not having a Murrumbidgee River frontage, it is part of Murrumbidgee National Park. It is separated from the riverside forests by private land. See Murrumbidgee National Park.

Banyula Forest
Now part of the Echuca Historic and Cultural Features Reserve, this River Red Gum forest is located downstream of the old Echuca-Moama Bridge and includes an area known as 'Shinbone Alley'. Few signs remain of the 'houses' which stood there at the start of the twentieth century. Frequent flooding forced the residents to seek higher ground and the forest has regrown. Unfortunately the forest has been abused by some and much rubbish has been removed by volunteers. It is hoped that better management will result from its incorporation into the Echuca historic Reserve. VicRoads Map 266 H3 shows part of the reserve: the bushland extends to the edge of the Murray. Bird observers usually find the forest of the NSW side of the Murray (Moama Wetlands) has more birdlife. VicRoads Map 596 K6

link Click here to enter a page about Shinbone Alley

Barangalite State Forest
~ See Werai State Forest. IN late 2009, the NSW Natural Resources Commission recommended that this 1.295 hectare forest be part of an 'indigenous managed area' or national park.

Barham Lake Reserve
Barham Lake is a wetland reserve on the edge of the town of Barham, on the NSW side of the Murray River. There is a camping area, toilets and lawns between a lake and the Murray River. There is an indigenous botanical garden nearby. VicRoads Map 591 T7.

The nearby waste water treatment ponds provide a haven for a variety of water birds, including crakes.

Barmah-Millewa Forest (including Barmah National Park, Murray Valley National Park, Barmah State Forest, Moira Forest, Millewa Forest and Gulpa Island)
A separate page has been created for this forest. Click here to enter.

Barmah-Millewa page

VEAC Map showing Barmah National Park (pdf)

Click here to download a brochure on birding spots of Barmah Forest (pdf).

See also 'Reed Beds, the'

Parks Victoria Barmah State Park page

Barooga Forest
This 1,190 hectare forest wetland lies upstream of Tocumwal. Popular with locals, it, along with Boomanoomana State Forest, Woperana State Forest and Cottadida State Forest is part of a non-contiguous riverside national park.

Barratta Creek Forest
~ a 239 hectare River Red Gum forest located about 40km north-west of Deniliquin. The NSW Natural Resources Commission has recommended that this forest be part of an indigenous protected area or national park. See Werai State Forest.

Barren Box Wetland
Located to the north of the region covered by this site, Barren Box is a 3,200ha ephemeral wetland fed by run off from Mirrool Creek near Leeton. The wetland is being rehabilitated. Supported by Murrumbidgee irrigation Ltd, the project won the 1996 Sydney Engineering Excellence Award (Environment and Heritage).

Beattie Depression Bushland Area
Beattie Depression is a linear floodway between MacDonald Road and Looker Road (between Echuca and Kanyapella Wildlife Area). 398ha of the depression is now a bushland reserve. Some hope a bio-link will one day be established between it and the nearby Kanyapella Wildlife Area.
Map: Echuca East 7825-1-3 1:25,000

Beechworth Regional Park
This bushland area lies to the east of the region covered by this site. It affords excellent bushwalking opportunities, with walking tracks linking several points of historical and scenic interest. If there have been good winter rains, the Spring wildflower display is often very good. VicRoads Map 35 C7.

Benarca Forest
Located within a large meander of the Murray River downstream of Moama, this 212 hectare forest wetland (formerly SF751 and now a precinct of Murray Valley Regional Park) features a large riverside sandhill, part of which has been fenced to protect Sandalwood, Callitris, wattles and other plants. A colony of Babblers lives near the sandhill. Most of the remainder of the reserve is a River Red Gum forest.

A riverside beach is popular with boaters, swimmers and campers.

The forest has been badly affected by prolonged drought and over-grazing (early this century, cattle were removed to help the forest recover. There is a complex of rough, eroded bush roads throughout the reserve.

Benarca Forest can be accessed from Moama via Perricoota and McKindlay roads. Map: Moama 7825-N 1:50,000 (Central Mapping Authority NSW)

Benarca State Forest was upgraded to a Regional Park in 2010.

Bendigo Creek
A long section of Bendigo Creek south of Balderstone Road has been added to Terrick Terrick National Park. There are plans to create a vegetation corridor from Terrick Terrick National Park to Kow Swamp and on to Gunbower National Park, with a branch to Lake Tims.

Bendigo Regional Park
This box-ironbark bushland park of about 8,740ha on the outskirts of Bendigo has several sections. One of the largest sections lies between Eaglehawk and the northern (Whipstick) section of the
Greater Bendigo National Park
. It comprises the former Eaglehawk Regional Park, Diamond Hill Historic Reserve and parts of the Marong, Mandurang and Wellsford State Forests as well as a number of smaller bushland reserves. See also Wellsford Forest and Mount Sugarloaf NCR. The wildflower display during Spring may be terrific following wet years. The area is renowned for its wattles and bush birds.

Benerenbah Forest
This 1,130 hectare forest wetland is located downstream of Darlington Point and is part of Murrumbidgee National Park. See map below the 'Dunnoon Lagoon' entry.

Benjeroop-Dartagook Nature Conservation Reserve (D22)
Lying between Kerang and Murrabit, this 1179ha reserve, with frontages to Barr Creek and the Loddon River, features Riverine Chenopod Woodland (with several endangered and rare species) and Lignum. Endangered fish species are found in the river. Benjeroop Landcare Group has fenced a roadside near the Benjeroop Hall to raise awareness of the presence of the endangered Grey-crowned Babbler, a colony of which reside in the vicinity The area was flooded for a prolonged period early in 2011. VicRoads Map 20 F/G3.

Benwell State Forest
A multi-use forest west of Barham-Koondrook in Victoria downstream of Cutwell State Forest.
Access is via Murray Road from Murrabit or via Hall Lane or Watsons Road from Murrabit-Koondrook Road. Camping is allowed on the banks of the Murray River. VicRoads Map 21 B3.

Berambong State Forest
Berambong State Forest (SF205) comprises two red gum forests alongside the Edward River several kilometres downstream of Moulamein. Access from a dirt track which runs north off Moulamein-Swan Hill Road west of Pike Pike Lane.

Black Swamp Wildlife (State Game) Reserve
There are two Black Swamps north of Shepparton:
Black Swamp (Black Dog Creek), and
Black Swamp (Nine Mile Creek). Black Swamp (Nine Mile Creek) is north-east of Wunghu and was supplied with environmental water in May 2008. It is popular with shooters during the duck season.

There is also a wetland on Gunbower Island called Black Swamp. Because it was dry for a lengthy period, the wetland is now covered in young Red Gum saplings.

Black Swamp
Black Swamp, Gunbower Island
~ sapling proliferation is evident (K Stockwell)

Some reserves are located close to the township of Boort, including Boort Lake and Little Lake Boort. Nearby bushland includes broombush and some endangered plants. VicRoads Map 29 D3.

Boomanoomana Precinct, Murray Valley National Park
This 1,026 hectare riverside forest/wetland downstream of Mulwala is part of Murray Valley National Park. The NSW government has accepted the recommendation of the NSW Natural Resources Commission that Boomanoomana, Cottadidda, Barooga and Woperana State Forests be consolidated into a national park and that ecological links be maintained between them.

Booroorban State Forest
Situated between Deniliquin and Hay, to the east of the Booroorban Hotel, this seldom-visited forest (SF370) features a sandhill on which a wide variety of uncommon plants grow. The southern section is part of the Burra Burroon Swamp. There is an access road from the Cobb Highway just south of Booroorban Hotel.

Boweya Bushland Reserve
This reserve is west of Warby Range-Ovens River National Park.
VicRoads Map 34 C5

Boxwood Nature Conservation Reserve
~ a small bushland reserve near Boxwood, between Dookie and Devenish.

Britta's Reserve
Located alongside Billabong Creek 5km east of Walbundrie on the Culcairn Road to the north-east of the region, this reserve provides habitat for Bush Stone Curlew and, in winter, Swift Parrot.

Broken-Boosey State Park
Located north of Shepparton, Broken Boosey State Park is a 1031 hectare linear (worm-shaped) State Park stretching for about 140km along the Broken, Boosey and Nine Mile Creeks. The vegetation along these creeks is the only remaining substantial occurrence of indigenous vegetation on Victoria's northern plains. Some of the threatened plants found in the park include Coolibah Grass (only Victorian site), Spiny-fruit Saltbush, Pepper Grass and Narrow-leaf Sida. Parks Victoria manages this reserve from its Nathalia office.

The park and the nearby Nathalia, Numurkah, Tungamah and Youarang Natural Features Reserves are unusual among Victoria's Box Ironbark protected areas in that they are tiny remnants of box-dominated grassy woodland strung along a creek

Please note that there are no facilities in this park.

On the advice of VEAC, Broken-Boosey Conservation Management Network was established in 2002 to foster cooperation between private landholders and public land managers. The network is composed of some landholders from within the area plus representatives of Goulburn Broken Catchment Management Authority, Parks Victoria, Department of Primary Industries, Department of Sustainability and Environment, Trust for Nature, Moira Shire Council and other interest persons. The CMN has been involved with fencing, revegetation, education and pest control.

indentParks Victoria's Broken-Boosey Park Notes and Map (pdf file)

Bryce Blair Reserve
Bryce Blair Reserve is a roadside strip of Bowman's Road Whorouly near the intersection of Paddy Gully Road. The roadside features old Red Box, Stringybark and Blakely's Red Gum. Lots of birds are usually observed here. Look for Owlet Nightjar, Rufous Whistler, Turquoise Parrot, King Parrot, Eastern Yellow Robin, Restless Flycatcher and Brown Tree-creeper. VicRoads Map 35 B9.

(Mt.) Buckrabanyule Nature Conservation Reserve (D13)
~ 40ha area north of Wychitella. Plains Woodland with Buloke. The area has been badly infested with Wheel Cactus but locals are working hard (weekly half-day work bees) to control this pest. VicRoads Map 29 A5.

Bullatale (Tuppal) Forest
Located alongside The Edward (River) south of Deniliquin and north of Gulpa Island, this former flora reserve (SF189) can be accessed in dry weather via a dirt track off Lower River Road. Refer to 1:50,000 topographic map Deniliquin (CMA NSW) or to Hayman's Barmah-Shepparton-Deniliquin Adventure Map)

Formerly a Flora Reserve, this area is now part of Murray Valley National Park.

Burrowa-Pine Mountain National Park
Located in north-east Victoria outside the area covered by this site, this park contains some waterfalls, a number of walking tracks and pleasant scenery. VicRoads Map 37 D3.

link See Parks Victoria web site for information on this park.

California Gully Bushland Reserve
~ a box-ironbark forest in Bendigo. VicRoads Map 603 R11.

Campaspe River Reserve (G107)
~ a 632ha. linear reserve along the Campaspe River south of Echuca.

Campbells Island State Forest
his 3,189 hectare forest (SF615) straddles the Little Murray River in NSW north-west of Barham, north-west of the larger Perricoota-Koondrook-Gunbower Forest. The wetland is called Benwell and Guttrum Forest on the Victorian side of the Murray. See CFA (Vic) Region 20 Rural Directory Map 192 grid reference 360 590. As a result of a forest assessment by the NSW Natural Resources Commission in 2009, the forest will remain a multi-use forest, with logging allowed.

arrowClick here for the Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest page.

Canegrass Swamp
~ a small indigenous grassland reserve off Baxter Road, west of Echuca.
VEAC's draft proposal is for this area to become a separate block of Terrick Terrick National Park.

Cannie NCR (D10)
~ a 16ha area of Buloke with vulnerable Umbrella Wattle north of Charlton and west of Cohuna.

Cantwell Reserve (Millewa Nature Conservation Reserve)
Also known as Millewa Nature Conservation Reserve, this 30 hectare reserve on Muller Creek south-east of Bamawm Extension Hall is at the corner of Whinfield Road and Cantwell Road (VicRoads Map 31 C5). During the economic depression of the 1930s, the land was used as a temporary camp ground for workers building irrigation channels. Drainage ditches were dug to help lower the salty water table. These drained the wetland. By the 1980s only a handful of Yellow Box and Black Box trees remained and the area was used as an unofficial rubbish dump.

Over the past few decades, a local farmer, Parks Victoria and school students have planted thousands of native trees and shrubs. Rubbish has been removed. To keep out cattle and vehicles, the reserve has been fenced and gates padlocked. Since the cattle were removed, there has been good natural regeneration around old Yellow Box and Black Box trees and ground plants such as Ruby Saltbush and Bluebush have reappeared.

Restoration work was funded by the Victorian Government.

A small wetland has been re-created. There is another wetland area on the adjoining private property.

The reserve has several distinct vegetation zones:
• an area where Yellow Box (Eucalyptus melliodora) is dominant (north end);
• grassland, including one of the few local stands of Red Grass
• wetland (including a drain).
• an area where a variety of native plants have been planted (south end)

Cantwell Reserve
Native Grass and revegetation in Cantwell (Millewa) Nature Conservation Reserve
(K Stockwell)

Authorities are concerned that the trees may die as a result of salty groundwater. Monitoring is taking place(by the local CMA and/or DPI) and, if the water table shows signs of rising, a pump may be installed. Once the trees show signs of stress it may be too late to save them.

Parks Victoria manages the reserve.

Casey Weir Reserve
This is a wetland east of Youanmite and south of Youanmite NCR. When the wetland contains water, Brolgas and Baillon's Crake have been observed here. Flame Robins visit over winter. Brown Tree-creepers are resident. Unfortunately, part of the wetland was used as a rubbish dump and the ground is still covered with broken bottles, metal objects and other junk. That no obvious effort has been made to remove old surface rubbish and undertake revegetation works reflects badly on authorities. The weir has fallen into disrepair. 36 degrees 09 minutes south; 145 degrees 40 minutes east. VicRoads Map 33 C4 (the name of the reserve is not show on this map).

Castlemaine Diggings National Heritage Park
Gold was once mined in the Castlemaine area. This 7,445ha park, to the south of the region covered by this site, is designed to protect the indigenous vegetation and some mineral springs whilst also attracting heritage tourists. The reserve is only 100 metres in depth so that underground mining could occur at some stage in the future. DSE claim that this is Australia's first 'national heritage park. VicRoads Map 59 E4/E5'.

Cemetery Forest Wildlife (State Game) Area
Located near Kerang, this reserve sometimes affords good birding (and shooting) opportunities. VicRoads Map 20 G5.

Chiltern-Mt. Pilot National Park
This 21,943ha national park, located to the east of the region covered by this site, was meant to provide protected habitat for the most in tact box-ironbark fauna assemblage in Victoria. Much of the Mt Pilot block was burnt early in 2003 and the fire was so hot that it will take many years for the reserve to recover. The blocks near Chiltern appear to have escaped damage. Excellent touring and birding notes are available from the Chiltern Information Centre. There is a good caravan park in Chiltern, alongside Lake Anderson. Camping is no longer permitted in the park. The White Box walk is a signposted walking circuit from Honeyeater Dam (formerly called Cyanide Dam). This walk should satisfy bird observers. Bird observers might consider visiting Bartley's Paddock, Chiltern Valley Number One Reservoir and the Magenta Min. VicRoads Map 35.

Parks Victoria web site and/or Chris Tzaros book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for maps and more about Chiltern-Mt Pilot National Park.

Friends of Chiltern web site

Cobram Regional Park
~ a 511 hectare red gum wetland located alongside the Murray River near Cobram. There are some good camp sites and sandy beaches alongside the Murray River.
I understand that this area is now a section of 'Murray River Park'. Camping is to be permitted.

Cocoparra National Park
Rocky escarpments are a feature of this reserve 25km north-east of Griffith. The Cocoparra Range is covered in Mugga Ironbark, Black Cypress Pine, Dwyer's Mallee Gum, Spearwood, heath and native grasses. White Cypress Pine, Grey Box and Blakely's Red Gum grow in deep valley soils on creek flats. There is a camping area on Woolshed Flat which is often used as an overnight stop by travellers (e.g. by some travelling between Adelaide and Sydney or between Melbourne and Brisbane). In good seasons, many bush birds can be observed and Turquoise Parrots are sometimes seen in sheltered gullies. The Binya State Forest lies immediately south and is also ideal for good birding and bush walking.

For a brochure or further information, contact NSW NPWS (02) 6966 8100.

Corop Wildlife Area
This wetland near the township of Corop covers 12 hectares.

Cox's Reserve
Cox's Reserve is located between Anderson Road and the Campaspe River, Strathallan (south of Echuca).
The Strathallan Family Landcare Group has applied for permission to care for the reserve and plans to conduct regular bird surveys.

Crosbie NCR
Located between Heathcote and Elmore on the western side of the Northern Highway (VicRoads Map 45 C6), Crosbie Nature Conservation Reserve is a 2060 ha dry sclerophyll forest. I understood that the reserve covers 1,265 ha. Most of the trees are Grey Box. It provides habitat for several threatened species,e.g. Ausfields Wattle, Regent Honeyeater, Grey-crowned Babbler and, in winter, Swift Parrot. Topographic map: Ladys Pass 7824-3-1 1:25,000 and Toolleen 7824-4-2 1:25,000 (VicMap).
VicRoads Map C5/C6

Crusoe Reservoir and Number 7 Park
Partly surrounded by the Greater Bendigo National Park, the 210 hectare Crusoe Reservoir and Number 7 Park is located at the southern end of Granter Street (which leaves the Calder Highway near the Harvey Norman Store) in the Bendigo suburb of Kangaroo Flat. At Crusoe Reservoir, water activities such as fishing and non-powered boating are allowed. The smaller Number 7 Reservoir is reserved for conservation and is not available for such water-based activities.
The Friends of Crusoe Reservoir and Number 7 Park help to promote, protect and enhance the park.

From 2012, the reserve became better-known and the presence of such birds as Painted Snipe and Freckled Duck attracted many bird observers, many of them from Melbourne and elsewhere.

The reserve features gravel tracks, toilets, picnic facilities, historic relics, frog ponds and many hectares of native bushland.

A brochure and bird list are available from the Bendigo Visitor Information Centre. VicRoads Map 612 K10

Cuba Forest
Located near Leeton, this1642 hectare forest includes Cuba Beach and Tims Beach. It is a breeding area for the Superb Parrot. The forests along the Murrumbidgee form a nationally significant wetland. See map below 'Dunnoon Lagoon'.

In 2009, the NSW Natural Resources Commission recommended that this forest form part of a consolidated national park along the riparian corridor of the Murrumbidgee River and called for increased environmental water allowances for riparian forests such as Cuba.

arrowSee Murrumbidgee State Forests

arrowBird Routes of Griffith: Cuba State Forest

Cullen Lake Wildlife Area
Located near Kerang, this 749 hectare reserve is often open to shooters during duck season. Part of the Koorangie reserve system and fed by the Reedy Lake system, Cullen Lake is a Ramsar listed salty, ephemeral wetland surrounded by open herbland. Cullen Lake has very high environmental value and provides a valuable feeding and resting area for many waterbirds. When it contains water, it often supports a wide variety of water birds including Avocets, Stilts and endangered species. In order to minimise any build up of salinity, this marsh is allowed to dry out at times. Best access is probably from Lake Charm-Quambatook Road. Motorists are advised not to drive close to the water's edge lest they become bogged. CFA Region 20 Map 191 510 520; VicRoads Map 20 E4.

arrow Click here for more information about Cullen Lake (DPI site)

Cutwell State Forest
This red gum wetland is located in Victoria on the opposite side of the Murray to Campbell Island State Forest, between Koondrook and Murrabit.

Cussen Park, Tatura
Tatura locals have developed a 33 hectare park of indigenous plants around a lake fed by town runoff. The area was previously strewn with rubbish. Cussen Park wetland is used to biologically treat Tatura's urban storm water, preventing poor quality water being passed onto the wetlands and farms downstream. It is now a Mecca to bird observers who often flock here when less common birds such as Freckled Duck are sometimes reported. Spotless and Spotless Crake are often observed along with waders and water birds. The main wetland is sometimes dry but the section on the eastern side of Margaret Street almost always contains water. VicRoads Map 671 M2.

Spotted Crake
~ sometimes observed at Cussen Park (D Ong)

arrowCussen Park Site

Dahwilly Travelling Stock Route Reserve
~ an area of bushland, part of a travelling stock route, near the intersection of Moulamein to Dahwilly Road with the Cobb Highway north-west of Deniliquin, highly-regarded by ornithologists. Several less-common bush birds are often observed here, e.g. Hooded Robin.

Dartagook Wildlife Reserve ~
~ 746 hectares of box-red gum forest and lignum swamp at the junction of the Loddon River and Sheepwash Creek.

Dalyenong Nature Conservation Reserve
Located west of Bealiba, this 1015 hectare floristically diverse reserve contains an area of large, old Grey Box and Yellow Gum trees with hollows and areas of White Ironbark. In places, on higher ground, Allocasuarina (Buloke) is the dominant tree. Much of the reserve has a grassy understorey with Calytrix tetragona, Wattles, Flame Heath, Dianella and Hibbertia. This reserve provides habitat for for several endangered species, including Swift Parrot, Barking Owl, Powerful Owl, Hooded Robin, Bush Stone Curlew, Tree Goanna, Fat-tailed Dunnart, Little Whip Snake and Woodland Blind Snake. Yellow Robins can usually be seen, e.g. along Centre Track. A creek borders one side of the reserve but cannot be assessed as it is on fenced private land. The reserve has been heavily logged in the past and, in places, tree stumps detract from the wilderness effect. But the fallen timber provides great habitat. Access is via Stuart Mill-Emu Road or Archdale Road. For groups, the corner of Burge Road and Archdale Road is a good meeting point. VicRoads Map 42, H6. Map: Redbank North 7524-2-N 1:25,000 (VicMap)

See Parks Victoria web site and/or Chris Tzaros book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for more about Dalyenong NCR.

Deep Lead Nature Conservation Reserve
Located to the west of the area covered by this web site, this 1823 hectare reserve near Stawell contains a diverse array of vegetation types within a reasonably confined area. The spring orchid display can be very good.

See Parks Victoria web site and/or Chris Tzaros' book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for more about Deep Lead NCR.

Deniliquin precinct, Murray Valley Regional Park
This 428 hectare red gum wetland (formerly SF397) is located alongside the Edward River on the south-eastern side of Deniliquin. In 2009, the NSW Natural Resources Commission assessed the forest and recommended that it become a Regional Park. See also: Island Sanctuary, Deniliquin.

Doctors Swamp
Located west of Murchison, this wetland is managed by Parks Victoria. Because it is possible to channel water into this swamp, it may receive environmental water allocations from time to time.

Dohertys Plain (Rochester West) Flora Reserve
This is a tiny native pine reserve, 10 hectares in size, west of (but not alongside) the Northern Highway (B75).

LinkClick here for more information about Doherty's Plain Flora Reserve (DPI site)

Dookie bushland reserves
There are several small reserves near Dookie, including Boxwood NCR, Yabba South NCR and Wattville NCR. Dookie Agricultural College's bushland reserve, at the foot of Mt Major, features mature White Box which, when in flower, provides habitat for the Swift Parrot ~ access is via the Ring Road but permission to enter is required from the College.

Duck Lake South NCR
A 116 hectare saline wetland north-west of Kerang. At times, the muddy edges are ideal for waders. The northern section of Duck Lake will remain open for shooting during 'Duck Season'.

Dunnoon Lagoon
Dunnoon Lagoon is part of a 155 hectare forest-wetland alongside the Murrumbidgee River downstream of Darlington Point. It is part of Murrumbidgee National Park. See Murrumbidgee Forest Wetlands

LwrMurmbidgee Parks
Map showing the location of Dunnoon Lagoon and other reserves west of Narranderra
National Park sections are shown in red and regional park areas in blue.
Source: modified extract from a map on the NSW Government's Red Gum Parks web site.

Echuca Historic and Cultural Features Reserve
This newly-proclaimed reserve includes The Port of Echuca and Banyula Forest (see above).

(The former) Echuca Regional Park
Note: The original wooden Stewarts Bridge has now been replaced by a new one-lane structure open to all traffic. This riverside area near Stewarts Bridge is now part of Murray River Park.

Echuca Regional Park (K Stockwell)

See Murray River Park page for more information on this area.

See also Torrumbarry Area Reserves and Wills Bend.

English's Bridge Streamside Reserve
Located about 35km north-east of Bendigo, this reserve is alongside the Campaspe River. Access is via English's Road from the Midland highway. Camping is allowed beside the river near the bridge. Birding is better at the end of Rocky Crossing Road to the south.

Everton Natural Features Reserve
Located 3km north of Everton, this lovely reserve is all but bounded on one side by the Wangaratta to Bright rail trail. At one corner of the reserve, the trail forks, with one fork going to Beechworth and other to Bright. The reserve features some old Red Box trees and Blakely's Red Gum, with an rich understorey which includes Grevillea alpina, Calytrix, Dianella and various species of wattle.

Walkers should love the trails in this reserve. A suggested walk starts where the rail trail forks and parallels the rail trail past Everton station (toilets). Keep turning right at each track junction, uphill alongside a regenerating field with lots of Grevillea alpina, uphill past a vineyard and right at the track intersection. Follow this track back to the start. Birds usually observed in this reserve include Turquoise Parrot, King Parrot, Crimson Rosella, Jacky Winter, Peaceful Dove, Grey Shrike Thrush, Golden Whistler, Rufous Whistler, White-throated Tree-creeper and Crested Shrike-tit. VicRoads Map 35 A8.

Federation Botanic Reserve, Barham
This is an indigenous plant garden located to the east of Barham Lake alongside East Barham Road. A wide variety of locally native plants are displayed. Note that the numbers of the plants on the spreadsheets which can be obtained from inside the garden shed do not always match the numbers at the base of the plants. VicRoads Map 591 U7.

See also Barham Lake (above)'

Fivebough Wetlands
~ an outstanding Ramsar-listed wetland in Leeton to the north-east of the region. This wetland attracts many birders to the area. Large numbers of Glossy Ibis can be observed at dusk coming in to roost in the wetland over night. Some treated water from the adjoining sewage treatment plant is discharged into the wetland. An evening walk in the wetland is a feature of the annual Australian Bird Fair held in nearby Yanco.

Click here to enter the Fivebough and Tuckerbil Wetlands Trust web site.

Australian (Leeton) Bird Fair (external site)

Five Mile Reserve: See Perricoota Road reserves and Murray Valley Regional Park.

Flannery Wildlife Reserve
51 hectares of lignum and box forest (many of the trees are dead) have been reserved south of Cohuna, immediately downstream of the confluence Pyramid Creek (which connects Kow Swamp to the Murray River) and Bullock Creek. The reserve is about 4km south-east of Rowland NCR. Access is across a paddock and difficult to find without a guide from DSE or DPI. CFA Region 20 Rural Directory, Map 216, 460 227.
VicRoads Map 21 D8.

Fryers Ridge Nature Conservation Reserve
~ 2,149 ha south-east of Castlemaine, to the south of the region covered.

Gadsen Bend Park
Legislation to create Gadsen Bend Park was passed by both Houses of the Victorian Parliament in December 2009. This reserve is alongside the Murray River near Robinvale and covers 1,620 hectares. It features large sandbars and picturesque scenery.

linkDetails of this new reserve can be downloaded from the DSE Red Gum page by clicking here.

Galore Hill
15km north of Lockhart on the Narrandera Road, this hill supports a wide variety of native grasses and wildflowers. Contact Friends of Galore (02) 6920 5683.

Gannawarra Red Gum Swamp NCR (D29)
A 148 hectare block currently known as Red Gum Swamp Wildlife Reserve. VicRoads Map 21 D5.

Garners Swamp, Mooroopna South
This wetland managed by DSE. It is unlikely that any environmental water allocation can be delivered to this wetland which is often dry because it relies on local runoff. CFA map 292 515655.

Gaynor Swamp Wildlife Area
452 hectare wildlife reserve on the south-eastern side of Lake Cooper (near Elmore). Duck hunting has been allowed at times. This wetland fills from Cornella Creek overflows and backup water from Lake Cooper. Brolgas are sometimes observed here. Managed by Parks Victoria. CFA map 289 0-50550. VicRoads Map 45 F2.

Gaynor Swamp
Gaynor Swamp (K Stockwell)

Gemmill Swamp Wildlife Reserve
~ a wetland area with some Yellow Box at the edge of Echuca-Mooroopna Road in Mooroopna. There is a walking track around the swamp and locals have prepared a brochure outlining points of interest. It is regarded as a good birding area. It was burnt by wildfire during 2006. See Lower Goulburn River National Park for more information on this area. VicRoads Map 672 G7.

Gladfield NCR
A 28 hectare block of Crown land with good quality Chenopod Grassland around a Lignum Wetland. Contains rare Spiny Lignum.
VicRoads Map 29 J2.

Glasson's (Trust for Nature) Grassland
Glassons is a 170 hectare Trust for Nature indigenous grassland reserve south-east of Terricks, alongside Aird Road Rosylnmead. Other than on 'open days', please do not enter this property without permission from the Trust and/or its manager Eris O'Brien. During the recent drought, there has been a reduction in weed infestation and a healthy regrowth of some indigenous grasses and bushes. The Striated Sun-moth has been recorded twice in Victoria: the second sighting was in January 2007 in this reserve. This is one of several indigenous grasslands in the region owned by the Trust, others include Korrak Korrak, Kinypanial and Naringalingalook. The property immediately to the east (the green shaded area in VicRoads) has been purchased by DSE and is now a section of Terrick Terrick National Park. VicRoads Map 30 H4.

arrowTrust for Nature notes on Glassons Grassland.

Gobarup Nature Conservation Reserve
Located south-west of Rushworth, this reserve covers 300ha. VicRoads Map 45 G5.

Gooram Falls
This small bushland reserve lies off Euroa-Mansfield Road near Galls Gap Road. There are toilets downstream of the falls. This reserve and Polly McQuinns Reservoir is a very good birding spot. There is a small camping area at nearby
Polly McQuinns. VicRoads Map 47 B7

Goschen Bushland Reserve
Located in a sea of farmland between Ultima and Lake Boga (VicRoads Map 13 J9), this small, isolated bushland reserve is very popular with bird observers as many inland birds not often seen further south or east are often observed here. It is often visited by birders in conjunction to a visit to Tresco West Bushland Reserve.

Early last century, this was proposed as a site for a township. Some of the buildings included a school and a church, few signs of which remain. A hall still stands but is rarely if ever used. There is a fenced area containing a communications tower. There are tennis courts which are no longer used. In addition to the township area, some adjoining land has been allowed to regenerate.

Goschen Reserve
Typical vegetation of Goschen Reserve
(K Stockwell)

Apart from mallee eucalypts, this delightful reserve contains Cassia, Olearia (white-flowering bushes above) and Berrigan [or Long-leaf Emu-bush] (Eremophila longifolia), a rough barked small tree that is a vital food source for nomadic honeyeaters such as Black Honeyeater and Pied Honeyeater. The range and variety of birds tends to fluctuate from year to year, depending on levels of rain and the availability of flowering plants, such as eucalypts and Emu-bush. The bird list for this small reserve is extensive. Species recorded here include Budgerigar, Cockatiel, Blue Bonnet, Mulga Parrot, Variegated Fairy-wren, Yellow-throated Miner, a wide variety of honeyeaters (including Singing, Yellow-plumed, Striped, White-fronted, Pied and Black), Crested Bellbird, Orange Chat, Hooded Robin, Red-capped Robin, Dusky Woodswallow, Zebra Finch and Pied Butcherbird.

Yellow-thraoted Miner
Yellow-throated Miner
~ often observed at Goschen (D Ong)

The surrounding area has been cleared for farming. VicRoads Map 13 J9.

arrowArticle about a visit to Goschen by Chris Coleborn, 'a Christian birder'

arrowTim Dolby's Goschen and Tresco West page (excellent; highly recommended)

Goulburn River Forest
Located alongside the Goulburn River upstream of its confluence with the Murray River and near Loch Garry.
Most of the forested areas along the lower reaches of the Goulburn River have been incorporated into the new Lower Goulburn River National Park.

Gowar NCR and Gowar South NCR ~ several small Box-Ironbark reserves north-east of St. Arnaud.

Great Cambungi Swamp
Balranald Shire has constructed a bird viewing structure at this important waterbird breeding area. The new hide (which is not well sited) is part of the Tri-avian Corridor, the other hides being in Wakool Shire (Tullakool Evaporative Basin) and Murray Shire (Reed Beds, Mathoura to Picnic Point Road).

Greater Bendigo National Park (incorporating Whipstick & Kamarooka State Parks)

Notes on this park have been moved to a separate page. Click here to enter.

See Parks Victoria web site and/or Chris Tzaros book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for maps and more about Greater Bendigo Regional Park.

Click here to download a pamphlet on birding spots of Kamarooka Forest by Peter Allan.

Green Gully State Forest
This smallish, degraded 48 hectare wetland (SF368) is located near the intersection of Perricoota Road and Lower Thule Road north-west of Bunnaloo. Green Gully is a former course of the Murray River
. The NSW Natural Resources Commission has recommended that it become either private covenanted land or a research and rehabilitation reserve.

Greens Lake
North-east of Corop, this lake is managed as an irrigation storage by Goulburn Murray Water and sometimes used for boating. Water comes from Cornella Creek, Lake Cooper overflows and the Western Waranga Channel. There are usually Brolga and a range of water birds in the reserve. The north-western section is usually the best section of the lake for water birds. Free camping is permitted and there are toilets. VicRoads Map 31 F8/F9.

Griffith Lagoon
69ha formerly known as Quambatook Flora Reserve. Access is via Griffith Road from Boort-Quambatook Road. VicRoads Map 20 A9; CFA Regional Directory Region 20, Map 213 88 187

Gulpa Island
Click here to enter a separate page on Barmah-Millewa Forest
of which most of Gulpa Island is a part.

Gunbower Creek
Near Torrumbarry and Gunbower, public land adjoining Gunbower Creek (including associated lagoons) is being fenced to separate it from private property. Woody weeds are being removed and much revegetation work is in progress. A good map or local guide is desirable in order to access some sections.

Gunbower Island National Park and Gunbower Island State Forest
Located between anabranches of the Murray, this 26,400ha 'island' supports an extensive red gum wetland of international significance for its importance to birds, native mammals and amphibians. Over 170 species of bird, 24 reptile species, many species of fish and around 200 plant species have been recorded on the island. No wonder the island attracts anglers, campers, canoeists, 4WD drivers, bird observers and bushwalkers.

A separate page has been created to cover Gunbower-Perricoota-Koondrook Forest, including Gunbower National Park.

Gunbower Creek
Wetland on Gunbower Island (K Stockwell)

Located within its confines is the 19,450ha Gunbower National Park and State Forest, part of one of the six Living Murray icon sites. Part of the island has recently been declared a national park. The national park covers 9,330 hectares. Much of the remaining public land remains state forest in which some logging activity will be permitted.The forest is called the Perricoota-Koondrook Forest on the NSW side of the Murray River.

The Gunbower Forest is an important breeding area for colonial waterbirds. It contains threatened plant and animal species, and is visited by migratory birds listed under international treaties with Japan (JAMBA) and China (CAMBA). Interim objectives and outcomes for actions under the First Step of The Living Murray Initiative are as follows: maintain and restore a mosaic of healthy floodplain communities; 80% of permanent and semi-permanent wetlands in healthy condition; 30% of River Red Gum forest in healthy condition; Successful breeding of thousands of colonial waterbirds in at least three years in ten.

Good birding spots on the island include Clump Bend (Gilbert Whistler, Grey-crowned Babbler, Black Swamp, Reedy Lake and Little Reedy Lake. Gunbower Development Group Inc. has published a brochure on the birds of the Gunbower District; the free brochure is available from some retail outlets in Gunbower and from local information centres.

Some areas of State Forest on Gunbower Island (e.g. near Koondrook) remain available for timber harvesting.

For more information, visit the Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest page

Click here to download a pdf brochure on birding spots of Gunbower Island.

See also Perricoota-Koondrook Forest

Guttrum State Forest
Guttrum State Forest is a red gum wetland in Victoria north-west of Barham. Access via Miller Road (which runs off Murrabit Road). The wetland is called Campbell Island State Forest on the NSW side of the Murray River. This is a multi-use forest ~ logging (licence required), camping and dogs are permitted. CFA Region 20 Rural Directory Map 192 350 380.

linkSee Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest page.

Hattah National Park
This 49,975 hectare national park is located to the north-west of the region covered. See
Parks Victoria Hattah National Park Page for information. VicMap has a special outdoor recreation map on Hattah National Park. The park is popular with campers, naturalists, bushwalkers and bird observers.

Hay section, Murrumbidgee Valley Regional Park
One of several blocks of the new Murrumbidgee Valley Regional Park. this River Red Gum wetland near Hay lays to the north of the region covered by this site. Area and details unknown.

Heathcote-Graytown National Park
A separate page has been created for this National Park. Click here to enter.

Mt. Ida is located alongside the Northern Highway just north of Heathcote, half an hour south of Echuca. From its summit all the way north to New Guinea there is no higher hill. Mt Ida, which was a flora reserve for many years, is now part of the new Heathcote-Graytown National Park which covers 12,833ha from Mt. Ida in a north-easterly direction.

In Spring, the base of Mt Ida is often a sea of colourful wilflowers.

The former Mt Black Flora Reserve is included in this national park (proclaimed late in 2002). It is possible to see marked changes in the vegetation as one travels in a north-south direction through the park.

Mt Ida's riches lie not in metals, (although gold mining occurred around here and accounts for the establishment of the nearby town of Heathcote), but in its diversity of flora. The north slopes are not as densely vegetated as the south-facing slopes because the southern slopes are cooler and wetter. On the western side, along the Northern Highway (B75) there is a stand of Yellow Gum. Further east is Grey Box and Red Stringybark. Then the box forest gives way to Red Ironbark (in Dargile Forest). River Red Gum, Yellow Box, Yellow Box and Silver Wattle grow along some of the gullies and creeks. Some of the other plants found here include Daphne Heath, Grevillea alpina and a wealth of wattles, including Gold-dust Wattle (Acacia acinacea). Grass Trees are common further east, near Mt Black. The area is best visited in Spring.

Covering around 30,000 hectares, the area between Mt Ida and Rushworth is the biggest remaining box-ironbark forest in Victoria. The new national park covers 12,833ha of this area. The Spring Creek Nature Conservation Reserve covers a further 401ha and the Whroo Nature Conservation Reserve covers a further 2298 ha. some of which has been mined. The open cut mine at Whroo is well worth visiting.

The remainder of the forest is State Forest, much of which is available for logging.

There is a vehicular track from the Northern Highway to the summit of Mt Ida where it is relatively easy to find fossils in rocks. There is a basic picnic ground near the Highway. Bushwalkers can walk from Mt. Ida into Heathcote but the appropriate topographic maps and a compass should be carried. An even better walk is to walk a circuit incorporating Plantation Track and the Dargile Forest.

There is an excellent camping and picnic ground, with toilets, off Plantation Track, in the Dargile Forest. It can be reached via the Colbinabbin Road and Hicks Rd. The wildflower display around the picnic ground is usually outstanding in Spring. Many of the trees around the picnic ground have been planted. Further from the picnic ground is an ironbark forest which supports a magnificent display of wildflowers in spring, provided, however, the winter has been reasonably wet.

There are some marked walking tracks that start and end in the picnic ground.

The park extends eastward toward, a locality known as Graytown, which once had a population of several thousand. The former Mt Black Flora Reserve, which offers superb views, is part of this new National Park and is popular with bird watchers and bush walkers.

The forest also extends into the large Puckapunyal Military Training Area. The military reserve is a retreat for emus and is where some of the oldest ironbarks can be found.

The reserve is bordered on the west by a number of vineyards which produce shiraz of outstanding quality.

To the north of the reserve is an area of State Forest and the Whroo Historic Reserve. Unfortunately, a wonderful grasstree forest between Whroo and Rushworth is not included in the reserve.

Birding is good in the forest, with a mix of northern and southern birds, especially from Spring through to Autumn. Bird observers regard the Whroo area as one of the best birding areas in the State, particularly when the ironbark is in flower.

There is a small timber industry based on Rushworth and ironbark.

Bordering the Northern Highway (B75), the nearby Crosbie NCR is worth visiting. It, too, is a Box-ironbark Forest forest.

1:25,000 topographic maps covering the park include Ladys Pass, Heathcote, Graytown and Redcastle (VicMap).

Parks Victoria Greater Bendigo National Park Page A pdf map of the park can be downloaded from the Parks Victoria web site.

Henty Nature Reserve
~ native bushland off Alan Street Henty (to the north-east of the region) with Yellow Box, Red Gum and a rich understorey.

Hird Swamp Wildlife Area, Macorna North
Located near Macorna North , north-west of Leitchville (VicRoads Map 21 C7), the Ramsar-listed Hird Swamp is sometimes a Mecca for bird observers, some of whom have travelled from as far afield as Broome to observe Painted Snipe. Other species which have been observed in this 344 hectare deep freshwater marsh include Freckled Duck; Australasian and Little Bittern; Baillons and Spotted Crake; Buff-banded Rail; Wood and Marsh Sandpiper; large numbers of Spoonbills, Egrets, Herons, Cormorants, Dotterels; Whiskered, Gull-billed and Caspian Tern; Orange Chat; Brown Quail; bush birds such as Pied Butcherbird; and birds of prey, including White-bellied Sea Eagle. Fire ravaged the swamp a few years ago. Since then, regeneration has occurred and the swamp is sometimes flooded through summer when most other wetlands are dry.

Including some bushland, the reserve is to cover 456 hectares. The reserve is divided by Pyramid Creek. AThe western side of the creek is dominated by lignum, Typha and Phragmites. The smaller eastern side is dominated by woodland.

Painted Snipe: sometimes seen at Hird Swamp (DO)Hird Swamp: sometimes ideal for waders and water birds (KS)

It has recently been established that the Australian Painted Snipe is a separate species to the Asian bird, and Hird Swamp is one of only a few locations where this rare bird has been recorded over recent years. So this swamp is of great ornithological significance.

Birders are advised to check out Johnson Swamp on the other side of the Leitchville-Kerang Road. In dry weather, access is via Day Lane (which becomes Rifle Range Track). It is hoped that when Hird Swamp is allowed to dry out environmental water will be released into Johnson Swamp.

Reference map: Keely 1:50,000 (Central Mapping Authority of New South Wales).Vicroads Map 21 C7.

Horseshoe Lagoon (Moama Wetlands)
Located on floodplain alongside the iron bridge over the Murray in Moama, this 18 hectare park (SF742) features an elevated walkway over a billabong. Most of the trees are red gums (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) but there is an understorey of wattles, native grasses and native cherry (Exocarpus strictus). A swamp near the scout hall is frequented by water birds, including Pelican and Purple Swamp Hen. Dollar Birds are often observed in summer.

NSW Natural Resources Commission has assessed the area and recommended that Horseshoe Lagoon Bicentennial Park become a Regional Park in which logging and cattle will not be permitted.

A colour brochure on this reserve has been prepared by local students and is available from the adjoining Murray Shire offices. VicRoads Map 597 K5.

arrowClick here to go to Murray Shire's web page about Moama Wetlands (Horseshoe Lagoon)

Click here to download a brochure on birding spots of Echuca-Moama, including Horseshoe Lagoon.

Hut Lake
~ a 'permanent' drought refuge wetland in Barmah National Park managed by Parks Victoria. Dried out in 2007. Now part of Barmah National Park. VicRoads Map 22 A8 (not marked).

Inglewood Nature Conservation Reserve
~ three mallee blocks totalling 1,200ha near Inglewood and Kooyoora State Park. VicRoads Map 43 F2 and F3.

Inglis Bushland Reserve
The Inglis Bushland Reserve Management Committee has signed off on a management plan with other stakeholder groups for this 17 hectare reserve which is situated along the Congupna-Guilfus Creek, south of Katandra West.

The reserve protects a remnant of Grey Box Grassy Woodland which once covered a wide area. The reserve was originally set aside as a watering point for drovers and later became a sporting reserve before the focus shifted to revegetation and conservation.

Island Sanctuary, Deniliquin
There are few places in Australia where you can stand on the footpath of the main street of a town and possibly see a wild platypus. You can, with luck, in Deniliquin. Water rats and tortoises might also be sighted in the lagoon at the entrance to this 14 acre riverside wetland.

Opposite the shops in Deniliquin's main street is a delightful park. Further along the main street, on the same side as the shops, a lagoon of the Edward River has been preserved in its natural condition. The lagoon is roughly parallel to the footpath. A footbridge leads from the footpath across the lagoon into an area of River Red Gum bushland.

There is a picnic shelter located within the reserve. Toilets are located alongside the main entrance.

Many young gums which came up after a recent flood can be seen around marker 2.

Red Kangaroo
~ sometimes observed in Island Sanctuary (D Ong)

Red Kangaroos and Grey Kangaroos are found here and, until a few years ago, there were emus. The emus are no longer there, which is just as well as they were becoming a little aggressive! A mound has been built (marker 3) to enable the kangaroos to survive floods. They prefer the cooler, lower area near marker 3 when it is hot.

Over 100 species of birds have been recorded in the reserve. Many seek shelter in the rushes alongside marker 5. Waterbirds are common and many live and breed here when conditions are right. During flood times, hundreds of Nankeen Night Herons and Intermediate Egrets nest in the reserve. Some locals go birding in the reserve from 7am almost every Sunday morning.

Click here to download a brochure on birding spots of Deniliquin, including a sketch map of Island Sanctuary.

linkClick here for an html version of the above

Jallukar Nature Conservation Reserve
Located to the south-west of the area covered by this web site, this high-quality, species-rich open woodland with large Yellow Gum, Yellow Box and river Red Gum trees, provides habitat for threatened species. Located west of Ararat, this 1165 ha block lies just east of Grampians National Park. VicRoads Map 56 D5.

Jackass Flat Nature Conservation Reserve ~ a 71 ha reserve near Eaglehawk. VicRoads Map 603 T11.

Jarvis Creek Regional Reserve ~ located east of Wodonga outside the area covered by this site.

Johnson Swamp Wildlife Area
Near Hird Swamp, this 555 hectare reed-covered Ramsar freshwater marsh (340 hectares plus surrounding flats and bushland) and may support Painted Snipe. A local bird observer recorded around 50 species in the reserve when it was dry. This wetland is usually open to hunters during the duck season despite the presence there, at times, of some endangered species.
The swamp is often dry but authorities try to release environmental water into either this wetland or part of nearby Hird Swamp at times when environmental water is available. If there has not been flooding, the plan is to flood this wetland with environmental water once every five years and then to keep it topped up for several months before allowing it to dry again. Access is via Day Lane. VicRoads Map 21 C7.

Judith Eardley Reserve
~ part of Bush Heritage's Nardoo Hills Reserves, this section has over 300 hectares of grassy woodland adjoining the
Wychitella Nature Conservation Reserve near Wedderburn. Located north of Mt Kerang, the reserve is not open to the public. The Fund has recently purchased two adjoining properties and call these the Nardoo Hills Reserves (see below). VicRoads Map 29 A6.

Kalyarr National Park
Created in 2005, this national park (formerly Darcoola Station) covers 8,173 hectares and is located north-west of Hay. .
The park contains native grasslands, some sandhills and clay flats. Access is via a track to Darcoola Homestead off the Maude-Hay Road, about 30km west of Hay. The park is managed through the Griffith office. Enquiries: (02) 6969 0700.

Kamarooka State Park
~ now part of Greater Bendigo National Park

Kanyapella Basin Wildlife Area

There is a separate page on this forest. Click here to enter this site's Kanyapella Basin page.

Click here to view a map of the area (DSE site)

Click here to download a pdf brochure on birding spots of the Kanyapella Basin by Dallas Wyatt.


More reserves commencing with the letter K are listed here.

The following are some of the reserves starting with the letter K through to O outlined on page 2 (unless otherwise stated):

Kalyarr Forest
Kamarooka Forest (click to enter a separate page on Greater Bendigo National Park of which Kamarooka is a part)

Kanyapella Wildlife Area (click to enter a separate page)
Kara Kara Forest
Kerang Regional Park
Kimbolton Forest
Kings Billabong
Kinnairds Wetland
Kinypanial Grassland
Koondrook Forest (click here to enter a separate page on Gunbower-Perricoota-Koondrook Forest)
Koorangie Marshes
Kooyoora State Park
Korrak Korrak Grasslands
Lake Cooper
Lake Murphy
Lake Tutchewop
Leaghur State Park
Lock Gary
Lower Goulburn National Park (click here to enter a separate page on this national park)
McDonald Swamp Wildlife Area
McKenzie Reserve, Alexandra
Mangalore NCR
Mansfield Swamp
Maryborough Regional Park
Moliagul Bushland
Moodie Swamp
Morgans Beach, Barmah Forest (click here to enter a separate page on Barmah-Millewa Forest)
Mount Alexander Regional Park
Mount Black (click here to enter a separate page on Heathcote-Graytown National Park of which Mt Black is a part)
Mt. Egbert ("The Granites")
Mt. Granya State Park
Mt. Hope NCR
Mt. Ida (click here to enter a separate page on Heathcote-Graytown National Park of which Mt Black is a part)
Mt. Lawson State Park
Mt. Meg
Mt. Sugarloaf NCR
Muckleford NCR
Murray River Park
Murrindindi Scenic Reserve
Murrumbidgee Valley Regional Park
Mysia NCR
Nanneella Bushland Reserve
Oolambeyan National Park
Ovens River reserves

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Several maps available for sale cover part of the area covered above. For NSW Forests, refer Central Murray Valley State Forests (Western Forest Region) 1:250,000 (NSW Forestry 1992) ~ also covers part of northern Victoria. Topographic maps of the area are available by phone order from Information Victoria. Local topographic maps are sold at the Mathoura Rural Transaction Centre, Cobb Highway Mathoura. For bushwalking, 1:25,000 maps are best. However, only 1:50,000 maps are available for much of the region. Hayman Maps has produced excellent maps of the Barmah-Echuca and Cohuna-Gunbower Island areas and these two maps are available through Information Victoria and local tourist information centres.

 Abbreviations: G=Natural Features Reserve; NP=National Park; NCR=Nature Conservation Reserve; TSR=Travelling Stock Route Reserve; SF=State Forest.


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Northern Victoria and Southern Riverina Conservation and Environment Site

 Section 1: Conservation news  Section 5: Bush photographs
 Section 2: Bushwalking  Section 6: Bushland reserves
 Section 3: Birding   Section 7: Indigenous animals
 Section 4: Indigenous plants  Section 8: Conservation Links

Click here for Echuca Landcare Group's home page

Click here for gthe home page of BirdLife Echuca Disrtrict

Created April 1997; redesigned and amended February 2006; last revision October 2011 by Keith Stockwell. The information above is based on various DSE publications, Box-Ironbark Investigative reports, Internet sites, newspaper articles, tourist brochures, maps, word of mouth, emails and personal observation. This is a private, unofficial site and the information may not be completely accurate or up-to-date and should not be therefore be relied upon. No responsibility is taken for errors and omissions, so use this information at your own risk. if you detect errors or wish to make suggestions, email stocky at mcmedia dot com dot au.